Female Physicians Nurse be strong be brave be humble be badass poster. Midwives, those who assisted pregnant women through childbirth and some aftercare, included only women. Midwives constituted roughly one third of female medical practitioners. Men did not involve themselves in women’s medical care; women did not involve themselves in men’s health care. The southern Italian coastal town of Salerno was a center of medical education and practice in the 12th century. In Salerno the physician Trota of Salerno compiled a number of her medical practices in several written collections.
One work on women’s medicine that was associated with her, the De curis mulierum (“On Treatments for Women”) formed the core of what came to be known as the Trotula ensemble, a compendium of three texts that circulated throughout medieval Europe. Trota herself gained a reputation that spread as far as France and England. There are also references in the writings of other Salernitan physicians to the mulieres Salernitane (“Salernitan women”), which give some idea of local empirical practices.